TOPES stands for title, Orientation, Problem, Events and Solution
T stands for title, the title shows the reader the text is about.
O stands for orientation, introduce the people from the story, or the main character.
P stands problem, the problem is used and caused for the main character.
E stands for events, the event are used to tell what the main character is doing.
S stands for solution, the solution is to show whats happening now.
The Structure of a Narrative is TOPES, what stands for title, Orientation, Problem, Events, and Solution.